Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Sometimes tiredness is not just because you haven’t rested. Have you been feeling this constant feeling of tiredness that would not go away? You could be having chronic fatigue syndrome is medically known as Myalgic Encephalomyelitis

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Is chronic fatigue syndrome common in Nigeria?

Shockingly, according to research by Mary Gloria Njoku,  the study found adult rates of chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) in Nigeria were somewhat higher than rates from community-based CFS studies in the USA.

It is possible that the presence of several fatiguing illnesses such as malaria and typhoid, the lack of adequate healthcare resources, and poverty in Nigeria, place individuals at greater risk for fatigue and its syndromes.

SYMPTOMS OF CHRONIC FATIGUE FATIGUE

  • Inability to perform daily routine activities.
  • Tiredness gets worse when you perform any physical activity, sometimes even walking can make you crash.
  • Don’t feel better or refreshed even after you wake up from sleep.
  • It may get hard to concentrate or remember things.
  • You get dizzy or faint when you try to stand up.

WHAT CAUSES CHRONIC FATIGUE SYNDROME

The cause of CFS is unknown but some factors may include:

  • viral infection
  • a weakened immune system
  • stress
  • hormonal imbalances

DIAGNOSIS CHRONIC FATIGUE SYNDROME

There is no single test for chronic fatigue syndrome, doctors make a diagnosis by excluding all other illnesses after a person has had symptoms continually for six months.

Your doctor will:

  • Ask about your medical history and your family’s medical history
  • Ask about your current illness, including your symptoms.
  • How often you have symptoms, how bad they are, how long they have lasted, and how they affect your life.
  • A thorough physical and mental status exam
  • Blood, urine, or other tests

SELF-CARE FOR PEOPLE DIAGNOSED WITH CHRONIC FATIGUE SYNDROME.

  • Limiting or eliminating your caffeine intake can help you sleep better and ease your insomnia.
  • Limit or avoid nicotine and alcohol too.
  • Try to avoid napping during the day if it’s hurting your ability to sleep at night.
  • Create a sleep routine. Go to bed at the same time every night and aim to wake up around the same time every day.
  • Try to limit inflammatory foods like sugar, fried foods, and processed meat.
  • Dehydration is known to make fatigue worse. Staying hydrated is important for improving or maintaining health.
  • Eat well, incorporate vegetables, fruits, etc.
  • Take multivitamins.

Are there any drugs for chronic fatigue syndrome?

Some drugs can be used to manage the symptoms of chronic fatigue syndrome but not to treat. You can book an appointment with a doctor to get diagnosed and treated based on your symptoms.

Here is a CDC patient tool kit to help patients, caregivers, family manage the condition

https://www.cdc.gov/me-cfs/resources/patient-toolkit.html

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